A Logo spiral
Seymour Papert led the development of Logo after working on constructivist education theory with Piaget. Logo found its space in educational technology with the advent of the Apple and TI personal computers, and was part of many successful education programs, teaching many fundamentals in a visual, low-barrier way:
In 1980 a pilot project sponsored by MIT and Texas Instruments was begun at the Lamplighter School in Dallas, Texas with 50 computers and a student population of 450. At the same time the Computers in Schools Project was initiated by the New York Academy of Sciences and Community School Districts 2, 3 and 9 in New York City, and supported by Texas Instruments and MIT. [...]Of course, Logo hasn't always been successful; not mentioned in the official history of is the project failure inSenegal, but that was due to politics more than Logo.
These projects have had lasting results. Logo is still used at Lamplighter where Theresa Overall, who was a leader in both the Dallas and New York workshops, continues to teach and offer summer workshops. Michael Tempel, then of the New York Academy of Sciences is now President of the Logo Foundation, a nonprofit organization that provides Logo staff development and support services to schools and districts throughout the world, including New York City Community School District 3. Two of the teachers who represented that district in the original project, Peter Rentof and Steve Siegelbaum, went on to form the Computer School, one of the District's alternative middle schools. All these folks are still "doing Logo".
Regardless, Logo has had a lasting impact on using the computer as an educational tool. If the OLPC program is successful, Logo's descendants will continue its work on a whole new generation of children through eToys.
You can view some historic Logo videos and learn more on the constructivist angle at logothings: