It's widely known that Uruguay's Plan Ceibal with its 400,000 XOs is the largest OLPC deployment to date as well as the first truly large-scale rollout of laptops across all public primary schools in a country. Hence it comes as no surprise that a lot of countries who are currently thinking about, planning or working on large-scale OLPC projects for their own schools are turning to Uruguay to see "how it's done".
I'm not sure whether this was part of Plan Ceibal's strategy to begin with but today it's clear that Montevideo wants to be the global center when it comes to knowledge about how to implement large scale OLPC (or similar ICT for Education) projects. As a result they're currently building up a team which focuses on "services to the exterior" in the form of consulting other countries.
I assume that CITS (Centro para la Inclusión Tecnológica y Social - Center for Technological and Social Inclusion), the organization which implements Plan Ceibal, looks at this consulting service as a potential source of revenue. At the same time I was told that it's also considered a way to stay on top of what is going on in the field as well as allowing their staff to constantly work with new technologies and approaches. This knowledge will then in turn be the foundation for improvements of Plan Ceibal and future projects. Today CITS is already working with a number of Central and South American countries and the list of interested parties is ever-increasing.
One very interesting question that someone raised when I first talked about this was how far, if at all, Uruguay's experiences and approaches are applicable in other countries because the fact is that Uruguay isn't too representative of the countries that OLPC generally works in. The preexisting infrastructure, financial and well as human resources that Plan Ceibal could build on are hardly available in other regions such as Afghanistan, Nepal, Peru, Rwanda, and The West Bank where OLPC is active.
Regardless of this discussion it seems clear to me that countries or provinces interested in implementing OLPC will turn to Uruguay for advice. This is mainly due to the simple fact that it's about the only place they can turn to. Neither OLPC itself nor Sugar Labs or any other organization or entity for that matter has really focused on building up the required knowledge and resources to thoroughly help support (large-scale) OLPC deployments.
Yes, some individual volunteers and OLPC employees have done and are doing a tremendous amount of work in this area but in my opinion this has barely scratched the surface of what should be done. But then again, all this hardly comes as a surprise given that OLPC's Nicholas Negroponte still insists that simply handing out laptops to children and walking away is actually a reasonable modus operandi. Since countries looking into OLPC quickly realize that this isn't necessarily the case they are increasingly turning to Montevideo, rather than Boston, to figure out how to turn the one laptop per child vision into a successful reality.